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Deck Construction 101: Understanding the Basics on Building a Deck Decks are part of garden landscaping, sometimes an extension of the living areas of the home. Like a floor and usually elevated from the ground, this flat surface is capable of supporting weight. Softwoods are being used for deck construction commonly back in the days, but after the 1960s, due to over logging, the use of softwoods has declined and shifted to hardwoods. It looks better for spaces like cooking, dining and seating and is more durable. In this article, you will learn how to build your own deck, using the easiest ways. These methods have been passed down from generations of wood workers. If you are tempted to do it yourself, it is feasible especially if you know the basics of deck construction. Even if you are unsure with your carpentry skills, all you have to do is to focus on the basic principles of construction. Before even contemplating a deck, according to Inverness Deck Construction, it is best to determine first with your local building authorities if there are any restrictions and or if building permits are required. There will be communities that will tell you build it close to your property lines, some will require you to reach this certain height, dimensions of railings, structural supports, and dimensions of stairways. You have to remember that if you have carefully considered all the possibilities up front and your options, you can expect that things will go smoother. You will have to procure all the tools and materials you will need for your project after a careful planning and considering all your options. You can buy them or borrow them, if you don’t own them yet.
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The typical tools you will need.
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1.Circular Saw 2.Table Saw 3.Power Miter Saw 4.Wheelbarrow 5.Carpenter’s Level 6.Shovel 7.Caulk gun 8.Carpenter’s Square 9.Wrenches 10.Drill and bits 11.Hammer The typical materials you will need. 1.Caulk 2.Metal flashing 3.Gravel 4.Post Caps 5.Post bases 6.Cinder blocks 7.Pre-mixed concrete mix 8.Joist hangers and nails 9.Metal rebar 10.Seismic ties 11.Cardboard tube concrete forms 12.Deck screws or HDG nails 13.HDG bolts and washers You will also need a lot of lumber in different dimensions, including 6 x 6 or 4 x 4 posts, 2 x 10 or 2 x 12s for beams and joists, 2 x 4s as structural members, and 1x for decking boards. Prepare the Site. A shovel is used to remove any grass or weeds in the area. The ledger is attached to the house, beside the deck. Installation of Ledger, Footings and Posts. After digging holes and pouring concrete, posts can be embedded into the concrete itself. Installation of Support Beams and Joists. Most beams are constructed from a pair of 2 x 10s sandwiched together. Lay the Decking. And lastly, finish your deck with stain and sealer immediately.